Drug abuse has been alarmingly increasing in the US, such that a legitimate survey has shown that in 2014 about 22.5 million drug dependents need treatment and a very small percentage of about 11.6% have sought treatment, which makes for the 19.9 million left untreated for various reasons: financial incapacity, no available insurance to cover their treatment, or the inability to find treatment or the right, specific treatment. Families and communities, as well as schools, must be given intensive information campaign on drug abuse and how to confirm the signs that show that someone is into a drug menace problem and needs help, to which the following are noticeable signs of a drug dependent – there is a withdrawn act of not going to work or school and not be performing his/her obligations; withdrawal from social activities or social relationships with one’s own circle of family, friends, co-workers, school mates; there is a continuous dependency on drug use causing more harm on the physical and psychological state that can even lead into abnormal actions and violence; making unsuccessful attempts to stop using drugs or withdrawing from it but appears to have the loss of control and can be violent; and breaking the withdrawal rules and experiencing a strong craving to use back the drugs.
Rehabilitation or rehab is basically the process or treatment of restoring someone who is into drug dependency and abuse by recovering him/her from addiction and restoring some or all of the drug dependent’s physical, sensory, and mental capabilities that were lost during the dependency period, and all these need a proper treatment program that has been designed specifically to address the physical and psychological health, addiction severity, and risk issues. Generally, the normal procedure for a drug dependent, when subject to a rehabilitation or rehab program, is to first undergo a detox procedure, which is to go through the process of emptying the body from the presence of drug substance, which often makes used of prescribed medications needed to treat during the withdrawal period where withdrawal symptoms arise and the rehab facility must be able to provide the conducive environment for this process so that there is a successful abstinence of drugs and a stabilization of the physical condition of the drug addict, before he/she is further subjected into the next treatment process. As soon as the patient successfully passes the detox process, treatment services are designed specifically to the needs of the patient based on the initial assessment of his/her level of addiction, otherwise, the treatment care program has the following services: a combination of individual and group therapies and the number of sessions are based according to the therapist’s evaluation; a series of sessions between physicians, facility caregiver/therapist; educational and support services, a healthy leisure activity to promote clean fun; aftercare program, which is a transitioning service for the patient to undergo until he/she is declared outpatient; and a provision of a self-recovery program to prepare the patient to be restored into the normal order of society.